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Know Your Medicine: CBD
Author: Bonni Goldstein, M.D.  14/07/2017 - 20:42:00

CBD, which stands for the phytocannabinoid cannabidiol (not cannabinoids), has exploded on the cannabis scene in a way that no other natural compound has. Although it has received a huge amount of media attention over the past few years, there are so many questions about it. Here is everything you need to know about CBD and more. 

Cannabidiol was first discovered in 1940 from the hemp plant by chemist Roger Adams at the University of Illinois. In 1963, Israeli scientists elucidated its exact chemical structure. Subsequent research in the 1970s showed that CBD did not cause intoxication like THC and was thought to be an inactive cannabinoid. Scientific interest in CBD waned until the early 1990s when the important discovery of the endocannabinoid system renewed interest in numerous phytocannabinoids. Over the past decade, hundreds of scientific articles researching how CBD interacts with the human brain and body have been published and the results are astounding! 

CBDA, cannabidiolic acid, is the second most common phytocannabinoid produced in the cannabis drug-variety plant — the most common being THC — and the most common phytocannabinoid in the fiber variety plant (hemp). CBDA, found in the raw cannabis flower, is converted to CBD when heated. CBD-rich plants were quite rare in the United States until around 2009, when reports of CBD’s therapeutic value started to appear in the media. Cannabis growers began testing their plants for CBD and made efforts to stabilize CBD-rich varieties.  We now have a number of CBD-rich chemovars such as Charlotte’s Web, AC/DC, Cannatonic, Harlequin, Sour Tsunami, Blue Jay Way, and many others. 

More on marijuana.com:Know Your Medicine: CBD


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